The patella tendon is one of the most important tendons in the knee. The patella plays a major role in the way you use
your leg muscles. It helps the knee extend so a person can kick, run, and jump.
Patellar Tendonitis is a condition that hundreds of thousands of people suffer through each year.Patellar Tendonitis or “Jumper’s Knee’ as it is more commonly know is when pain can be
felt at the patella tendon of the kneecap.
While this is most commonly attributed to overuse of the tendon, there can be other contributing factors. Five major
contributing factors to patellar tendonitis can be:
Constant repetitive stress will wear down the tendon and cause friction on the bone causing inflammation
An unexpected fall or awkward landing may be all it takes to stress the tendon against the patella bone
When there are muscle imbalances, the wrong joints and tendons have to do extra work. This ends up overstressing and
wearing down tendons
Tight muscles pull on the tendons too much causing strain
Having too much bodyweight puts extra weight and pressure on the knees and strains the tendons
Strengthening the VMO-
One important muscle when it comes to patellar tendonitis is the Vastus Medialis Obliquus. The “Vastus Medialis
Obliquus,” or “VMO” muscle is located on the inner thigh. Well
developed VMO’s look like teardrops hence the nickname “the teardrop” muscle.
The “teardrop” helps keep the knee tracking straight ahead.
A weak and or underdeveloped Vastus Medialis cannot provide support to the patella or align the right tracking. This can lead
to irritation, inflammation, pain, and tendonitis.
Ever seen someone do a squat and their legs buckle in and wobble? It is
because their VMO”s are not doing their share of work to provide support. The
way to fix this is to build up the ability of the VMO. Since you want strength and stability the first thing you want to make
sure of is that you are choosing unilateral movements. It takes more strength and stability to do things one leg at a time
so this way of doing things should be implemented with VMO training. Three great exercises for VMO strengthening are Static
Quad Contractions, Terminal Knee Extensions, and Resistance Band Knee Extensions.
·Static Quad Contractions
Lay down on your back. Tighten the muscle at the front
of your thigh (quadriceps) by pushing your knee down into a rolled towel or foam roller. Put your fingers on your inner quadriceps
to feel the muscle tighten during contraction. Hold for 5 seconds and repeat 10 times as hard as possible pain free.
·Terminal Knee Extensions
Tie a resistance band around an immovable post and then looped the other end behind the knee cap which is slightly bent.
The knee is then slightly flexed and fully extended, while focusing on squeezing the quadriceps. Hold for 5 seconds and repeat.
·Resistance Band Knee Extensions
Begin this exercise in sitting
with your knee bent and a resistance band tied around your ankle. Keeping your back straight, slowly straighten your knee
tightening the front of your thigh (quadriceps). Then slowly return back to the starting position. Perform 3 sets of 10 repetitions
provided the exercise is pain free.
Hip Bone IS Connected To The Knee Bone-
While strengthening the VMO is
very important in aiding inPatellar Tendonitis, it should not be the only
means of prehab or rehab. The one thing to make sure of is to cover all bases of where the pain may actually be coming from.
Just because a weak VMO is generally associated with patella tendonitis doesn’t always mean that that is the actual
cause. One thing people often overlook with knee pain is the use of the hips and glutes. If the hips and glutes don’t
fire correctly the knees sometimes end up doing way more work than they should. There is a simple solution though, teach your
glutes and hips how to fire and fire a lot! If you want to get your glutes to fire properly, then load up on the glute work.
Since the key here is to get the old glutes and hips firing, you really don’t need a lot of weight….just a lot
of reps! Bodyweight exercises with lots of reps should do wonders. So how many reps should a person be doing? A person should
find two good bodyweight glute and hip exercises they like and aim for 100 reps each per day. A person can break up the reps
anyway they like long as they are hitting 100 per day. A few good bodyweight glute and hip exercises are:
·Forward Lunges with Arm Drivers
·Lying Bench Glute and Hip Stretch
Forget To Ham It Up-
A second area that is overlooked
with patellar tendonitis is the hamstring muscles. The hamstrings work opposite of the quads by helping bend the knees during
contraction. If the hamstrings are too tight the range of motion of the knee is decreased, causing more stress on the patella
tendon. If your hamstrings seem to constantly be tight, then you are going to want to add more hamstring stretching to your
routine. If your hamstrings seem to tire easily and are weak, then you’re going to want to add more strengthening exercises.
A great stretch for the hamstrings
is the Reclined Hamstring Stretch.
Lie on your back, bend your right knee and place your right foot on the floor. Raise your left leg as high
as you can keeping your pelvis flat on the ground. Hold your lower thigh and encourage the leg to move toward your head. Flex
your foot to stretch your calf too.
To deepen the stretch, place a yoga strap or towel on the ball of your foot and use your hands to pull
the strap toward you. After 30 seconds, switch legs.
If you’re looking to strengthen
your hamstrings look into doing Stiff Leg Deadlifts. Stiff Leg Deadlifts are great because they really strengthen the hamstrings.
Stiff Leg Deadlifts require good balance and hip mobility so they will also do a pretty good job at stretching the hamstrings
and improving hip mobility. For being just one movement the Stiff Leg Deadlift offers a lot of different benefits. Since the
goal is prehab or rehab a ton of weight is not needed.
·Grasp a bar or pair of dumbbells using an overhand grip (palms facing down).
·Stand with your torso straight and your legs spaced using a shoulder width or narrower stance. The knees
should be slightly bent. This is your starting position.
·Keeping the knees stationary, lower the barbell to over the top of your feet by bending at the hips while
keeping your back straight. And hamstrings stiff. Keep moving forward as if you
were going to pick something from the floor until you feel a stretch on the hamstrings.
·Start bringing your torso up straight again by extending your hips until you are back at the starting position.
·Repeat for several reps.
Remember not to round the back
and to keep the legs stiff. Rounding the back will put unneeded stress on the back. The legs should not be fully locked out
but have a minor bend and remain still thru the movement.
Patellar Tendonitis or “Jumpers
Knee” is a condition that takes thousands of people out of physical activity each year. Patellar tendonitis can occur
from many ways so be sure you have an understanding of what may have caused your tendonitis so you can begin the healing process
the right way. A lot of times when tendonitis rehab is begun, only one area is focused on and sometimes it may not be the
right area. Make sure you are focusing on the right area or areas for strengthening and stretching for a more complete rehab
to your tendonitis.
*Disclaimer- This information in this article is not meant to treat, diagnose, prescribe or cure any
ailment. Always consult a physician before you begin any new exercise program, start, stop, or change anything that has been
Want a better understanding about rehab. Learn about various methods, programs, and injury related issues here.
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